1ERA MUESTRA INTERNACIONAL DE ARTE CORREO Y POESIA VISUAL DE PUERTO RICOThis Blog will be for documentation and Catalog for the 1rst International Poetry Visual and Mail Art Exhibition of Puerto Rico 2010. Under the theme: STOP CHILD ABUSE NOW
Theme Stop Child Abuse Now
Size Postcard only A4 - 5”x 6” (105 x 148 MM) maximum.
Limitations Two artwork by artists
Deadline January 15, 2010
Exhibition This is a traveling exhibition
around universities and cultural
Art Mail workshop
Conditions All artworks will be exhibited and no returns.Will be archived in the Collection of Caribbean Center of Art Mail and Visual Poetry
Send Edwin Velázquez / Coordinator
Caribeean Center of Mail Art and Visual Poetry
San Juan Puerto Rico 00910
The abuse of children is a serious public health problem. In
Estimated annually, abuse is responsible of thousands of deaths of infants and children in the world. According to the Organization Global health in the year 2000 there were a few 57000 global deaths attributed to murders of children under the age of 15. However, studies has shown that deaths from abuse are much more frequent that what indicate official records. On the other hand, infants and children under the age of 4 years are at greater risk of becoming victims of homicides. The first cause of death by physical abuse is trauma to the head, followed by trauma to the abdomen.
Abuse is associated with health problems Physical length of life: problems in speech, psychomotor retardation, seizures, Visual and auditory problems, obesity, cardiac infarction chronic lung problems and cancer. Also associated with problems of behavior and mental health: aggressiveness, attention deficit problems learning and behaviour of high risk as the use of cigarettes, alcohol or drugs, promiscuity, suicidal ideation, and juvenile delinquency. If not stopped, the cycle of abuse continues through the generations.
Abuse occurs in families of all socio-economic levels. Is most commonly reported in families of few resources because they attend public services, and can be exposed to situations of crisis more frequently. Most parents not they are mentally ill or have criminal history.
There are risk factors predispose the child and his family live situations of abuse. The preterm infants, unwanted, difficult temper, late psychomotor or impediments are at greater risk of abuse. Mothers teenagers, parents with history of abuse in childhood, with problems of alcohol or drugs, or untreated mental illness are at risk of liable to abuse. The risk of abuse increases in families where there is couple, that are dysfunctional violence (live crisis in crisis) and that lack of support networks.
There are also precipitating, events that occur immediately before the incident of abuse, such as: crying persistent, accidents in using the bathroom or toilet training, learning or situation causing nuisance. Unlike the sexual abuse and abuse in the medical setting (also known as Münchausen Syndrome by Proxy) (or Münchausen syndrome by power), which are planned, physical abuse usually occurs when the adult suddenly loses control.
On the other hand, there are factors protect the child and his family. In children's intelligence and the prosociales skills are important factors. Hand parents, the risk of abuse decreases when possess adequate parenting skills and discipline and/or they have a strong support network.
Snippet of text in the text the role of the "El" "role of the doctor suspected abuse of a child" published in Galenus Magazine for Puerto Rico medical in http://www.galenusrevista.com/El-rol-del-medico-cuando-se Brenda Mirabal MD, MPH, FAAP specialist paediatric, Professor, Department of Pediatrics, school of medicine, RCM, UPR.Directora programme Biosicosocial RCM for abused children. Rights reserved the author.